During revamping of pipeline transport facilities, Transneft PCD ensures that measures for preserving archaeological objects of value are taken.
Archeological excavations, which are carried out at engineering surveys stages, allow to determine the presence of archaeological heritage objects within the boundaries of construction and installation works at Transneft’s facilities to be built. If such objects are found, a set of measures for their preservation is developed and performed.
At present, preservation works have been completed at the Popovka-1 Settlement archaeological heritage site, part of which is located in the revamping area of the Section No. 42 petroleum products trunk pipeline (PPTP) in the Rozhok River area in Pochepsky District of Bryansk Region. The settlement was discovered in 2015.
During archaeological excavations in the spring of 2020, archaeological materials of two cultural and chronological horizons were found. The most ancient horizon is represented by silicon flakes, presumably belonging to the Neolithic. The other cultural and chronological horizon belongs to the Modern era and dates from the XVIII-XIX centuries AD. Its studies revealed individual instruments from iron, silicon and non-ferrous metals, as well as a collection of fragments of red clay ceramics.
All excavations were carried out by a specialised organisation in accordance with the law. The works were carried out on the basis of the permit for archaeological excavations and surveys, issued by the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation. The archaeological materials obtained during the works will be transferred for permanent storage to the Bryansk State Local Lore Museum.
Archaeological exploration at the land parcel
Archaeological exploration at the land parcel. An archaeological test pit
Some of the fragments found during the archaeological excavations
Coarse red clay ceramics of the Modern era of the XVIII-XIX centuries